1) al-Mundhir III
   Arab ruler of the Lakhmids (q.v.) from ca. 505-554. He threatened Byzantium (q.v.), beginning in the reign of Anastasios I (q.v.), repeatedly raiding Byzantine territory in support of Persian king Kavad (qq.v.). Justin I (q.v.) was forced to seek peace with him in 524. However, his raids resumed in the reign of Justinian I (q.v.), despite opposition from Byzantium's client-state, the Ghassanids (q.v.).
   2) al-Mundhir
   Ruler of the Ghassanids (q.v.) from 569-582. His Arab (q.v.) troops fought as allies (foederati [q.v.]) of Byzantium against Persia (qq.v.), and against the Arab allies of the Persians, the Lakhmids (q.v.). In 580 al-Mundhir (the Byzantines called him Alamundarus) conquered the Lakhmid capital of Hira, for which he was honored by Tiberios I in a state visit to Constantinople (qq.v.). His adherence to Monophysitism (q.v.) aroused the suspicion of Maurice (q.v.), who had him exiled.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Ghassanids —    Arab allies foederati [q.v.]) of Byzantium (q.v.) who defended the frontier of Syria (q.v.) in the sixth century. Their greatest prince was al Harith, called Arethas by the Byzantines. Justinian I (q.v.) awarded him the title of phylarch in… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Al-Mundhir — (Arabic: المنذر‎), hellenized as Alamoundaros and latinized as Alamundarus, can refer to: al Mundhir I ibn al Nu man, King of the Lakhmids (r. 418–462) al Mundhir II ibn al Nu man, King of the Ghassanids (r. 453–472) al Mundhir II ibn al Mundhir …   Wikipedia

  • Manuel, SS. (2) — 2SS. Manuel, Sabel et Ismael, MM. (17. Juni). Die hhl. Manuel, Sabel und Ismael sind drei Brüder, die zu Constantinopel, wo sich ihre Reliquien befanden, verehrt wurden. Sie waren angeblich, um mit Julian dem Abtrünnigen wegen des Friedens zu… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Lakhmids —    Arab client state of Persia (q.v.) centered at Hira on the lower Euphrates (qq.v.), a location that made the Lakhmids a natural buffer between Persia and Byzantium (q.v.). Their greatest ruler, al Mundhir III (ca. 505 554), called Alamundarus… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

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